Do you know the difference between the African (Loxodonta) and Asian Elephant (Elephas Maximus)?
Well these 2 types of elephant (mind you, I said types not species) have various differences, Let's explore!
It is important to note that african elephants have two distinct species as well, the savannah and the forest elephant. They also differ from each other but we're gonna focus on the savannah species.
African elephants have "Africa-shaped" ears that are larger. The larger surface area ensure that the big animal keeps cool, however Asian elephants have less to worry about as they live in cool jungle areas hence their ears are smaller.
Asian elephants are significantly smaller than African elephants.
In the Loxodontas genus generally (but not always) both males and females have tusks but in the Elephas genus, the tusk story is a little more complicated...
You see, Males have tusks and females while they don't have tusks, they have tushes. There are differences between tushes and tusks, we'll cover that later.
Take a look at these trunks and see if you can spot the difference.
African elephant Asian elephant
Have you found it?
If you look closely you will see that the African elephant has 2 tips on it's trunk and the Asian elephant has 1 tip only. The reason for this is that 2 tipped trunks are more useful for grabbing leaves and grasses, while one-tipped trunks are used for grabbing food off the ground.
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