The ozone hole is a mighty big problem, the ozone layer protects us from the suns harmful rays.
Calling it a hole is misleading because ozone layer damage is more like a thin patch in the ozone layer with the thinnest areas near the poles
So..... How does this happen?
Lets start with knowing what the ozone layer is
the ozone layer is a layer located in the 1st layer of our atmosphere, stratosphere.
it contains ozone molecules that play a very important role in protecting the environment, animals and us.
chlorofluorocarbons(CFCs) are the biggest enemies of the ozone layer, when CFC is released into the atmosphere, it rips up the ozone molecules (that contain 3 oxygen atoms).
These concerns led to the adoption of the Montreal Protocol in 1987, which bans the production of CFCs, halons and other ozone-depleting chemicals.
The ban came into effect in 1989. Ozone levels stabilized by the mid-1990s and began to recover in the 2000s. Recovery is projected to continue over the next century, and the ozone hole is expected to reach pre-1980 levels by around 2075. The Montreal Protocol is considered the most successful international environmental agreement to date.
Now in 2019, scientist say that the ozone hole is getting smaller and is at it's smallest in 2019. hurrah!! it's changing!!
If you want to help the ozone layer heal then:
How can we protect the ozone layer?
1.Avoid the consumption of gases dangerous to the ozone layer,
Due to their content or manufacturing process. Some of the most dangerous gases are CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons), halogenated hydrocarbon, methyl bromide and nitrous oxide.
2.Minimize the use of cars.
The best transport option is urban, bicycle, or walking. If you use a car to a destination, try to carpool with others to decrease the use of cars in order to pollute less and save.
3.Do not use cleaning products that are harmful to the environment and to us.
Many cleaning products contain solvents and substances corrosive, but you can replace these dangerous substances with non-toxic products such as vinegar or bicarbonate.
4.Buy local products.
In this way, you not only get fresh products but you avoid consuming food that has traveled long distances. As the more distance traveled, the more nitrous oxide is produced due to the medium used to transport that product.
5.Maintain air conditioners,
As their malfunctions cause CFC to escape into the atmosphere.